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保安机密问题应该如何重视?
来源:http://www.zhongtebao.net  点击次数:627    发布时间:2018-02-14
无论是员工主动离职,还是企业进行裁员或分流,员工是否可能带走公司敏感数据,以利用这些敏感信息作为资源换取下一份工作。公司内部、客户的联系信息、公司各种密码、资料,都可能成为获取目标。
Whether employees voluntarily quit, or whether companies are downsizing or shunting, employees may take sensitive data from companies to make use of these sensitive information as resources for the next job. The company's internal and customer contact information, the company's various ciphers, and information, may be the acquisition target.
59%的离职员工承认曾在离职时私自带走公司机密文件数据。
59% of the departing employees admit that they had taken away confidential data from the company when they left the company.
由于利益的驱使,经不住诱惑的员工将公司商业机密出卖给竞争对手是很有可能的。在被窃取的数据中,电子邮件地址名录、员工记录及客户资料所占比例较高,当然不排除商业机密的恶意窃取,且有相当部分信息是通过电子邮件的方式外泄。
Because of the drive of interest, it is very possible to sell the company's business secrets to the competitors by the enticing employees. In the stolen data, the proportion of e-mail address list, employee records and customer information is higher. Of course, it does not exclude commercial secrets from malicious theft, and a considerable part of information is leaked by e-mail.
所以,企业如果处理不当,企业内部重要研究成果被盗或商业机密外传,都将给企业带来致命的打击。
Therefore, if the enterprise is not handled properly, the important research results in the enterprise are stolen or the business secrets are passed out, which will bring a fatal blow to the enterprise.
企业要考虑信息安全这件事儿
Business should consider information security
许多企业在雇用员工时花心思进行了背景调查、采用多人负责制等,但却在最后一环疏忽了。以为收回门卡、交接了工作、删除计算机账号就完事了,其实这些还远远不够。
Many companies spend their minds on background surveys and multiperson accountability when hiring employees, but they are negligent in the last loop. Think back door card, handover work, remove the computer account for it, in fact, these are not enough.
各种账号“藕断丝连”
Account "ouduansilian"
一个企业往往有很多信息系统,办公系统、客户系统、财务系统等。许多企业的信息化成熟度不高,这些系统并没有集成在一起,也就有了各式各样的账号密码。
An enterprise often has a lot of information systems, office systems, customer systems, financial systems, and so on. The information maturity of many enterprises is not high, these systems have not been integrated together, and there are a variety of account passwords.
一般员工可能有几个密码,而对于IT部门运维人员来说,服务器密码更是数不胜数。作为员工离职手续执行者的人力资源部员工没有能力了解那么多,也不可能及时通知到所有系统的管理员进行删除。
The general employee may have several passwords, but for the IT department operation and maintenance personnel, the server password is innumerable. As a member of the employee turnover process, the human resources department employees are not able to know so much, nor can they notify all administrators of the system in time.
这样,残存下来的各种账号就可能让离职员工“藕断丝连”,最关键的是企业中很少再会有人注意到这些账号。而这些账号就成了“潜伏”的资本。

In this way, all the surviving account can make employees "entangled", is the key enterprises seldom have noticed these accounts. And these accounts have become "latent" capital.

多人共享账号隐患多
Many people share many hidden account hidden dangers
企业中一个员工很可能无意或有意地知道了别人的账号密码:密码贴屏幕上,由于工作原因共用的一个账号等情况大部分企业都存在。
An employee in an enterprise may know unconsciously or intentionally the password of someone's account.
假设某个网络管理员离职之前将公司的数据库拖走,这些信息即使不直接被利用,也可能有意无意地提供给其他有犯罪意图的人或在黑市售卖,让整个公司陷入信任危机,却因为账号共享等原因从何追查,只能“吃哑巴亏”。
Suppose a network administrator before leaving the company's database will be towed, even if not directly by using these information, may also be provided to other naturally or half unconsciously people with criminal intent or selling on the black market, let the company into a crisis of confidence, but because of reasons account sharing from any trace, only silence".
资源权限是大问题
Resource authority is a big problem
VPN账号、E-mail邮箱,甚至是WiFi,如果要细数的话,一个员工拥有的权限非常多,许多常常被忽视。以公司WiFi密码为例,只要有一个员工离职就把WiFi密码改掉,未免显得有些神经兮兮,小题大做。但不改的话谁又能保证其不利用WiFi对企业进行入侵报复或是将密码泄露呢?一个小小的资源权限,能做的事情太多了……
VPN accounts, E-mail mailboxes, and even WiFi, if you want to count, an employee has a lot of authority, and many are often ignored. The company WiFi password for example, as long as there is a staff put the WiFi password to get rid of, appear a bit nervous, Big deal. But who can make sure that it does not use WiFi to retaliate against the enterprise or to let the password be leaked? A small resource permissions, too much to do...
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